Un Framework Convention on Climate Change Paris Agreement

The Paris Agreement, also known as the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, is undoubtedly one of the most significant global climate accords in history. The landmark agreement was adopted on December 12, 2015, by 196 parties during the 21st Conference of Parties (COP21) held in Paris, France. It aims to limit global warming to well below two degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels while pursuing efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

The Paris Agreement`s main objective is to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change by making finance flows consistent with a pathway towards low greenhouse gas emissions and climate-resilient development. The agreement recognizes the importance of mobilizing finance from various sources, including public and private, bilateral and multilateral, and alternative sources of finance such as carbon markets and taxes.

The Paris Agreement puts forward a framework for countries to report and review progress towards their nationally determined contributions (NDCs). These are the greenhouse gas emission reduction targets and adaptation measures that each party pledges to undertake. The agreement also recognizes the importance of non-state actors, such as cities, businesses, and civil society organizations, in achieving the goals of the agreement. It calls for strengthened cooperation between parties and non-party stakeholders to address climate-related challenges.

The Paris Agreement`s success depends on the participation and cooperation of all parties. It is legally binding, and every party is expected to undertake efforts to reduce their greenhouse gas emissions and report on their progress. Developed countries are expected to provide financial resources and technology transfer to assist developing countries in their climate actions.

The adoption of the Paris Agreement was an important milestone in the global effort to address climate change. However, much work remains to achieve its goals. Countries are still falling short of their emissions reduction targets, and the effects of climate change are becoming increasingly severe. It is critical that all parties continue to take urgent action to reduce emissions, adapt to the impacts of climate change, and support each other`s efforts.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement is a crucial global climate accord that provides a framework for countries to take action on climate change. It recognizes the importance of cooperation between parties and non-party stakeholders and provides a pathway towards a low-carbon, climate-resilient future. However, it requires the continued commitment and action of all parties to achieve its goals and address the urgent threat of climate change.

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